Wednesday, June 8, 2016

Fowler Museum Event Blog 4 EC

Today I went to the Fowler Museum at UCLA. Of all the exhibitions in the museum, I found the many works of silver to be most closely related to the intersection of art and science. For example, I learned that the production of silver products was an art form in and of itself. In an 18th century goldsmith’s workshop, one would hear the roar of furnaces and the hiss of metal being plunged into cooling baths. There’s an incessant staccato of hammers on anvils of every shape and on silver sheets. These artists’ choice of tools were big and small hammers, wooden and metal. Interestingly, contrary to what we have learned in class in which technology has helped artists innovate new forms of art, the techniques used in producing silver products in the 18th century are still in use today. Modern technology has done little more for the artists than provide a few powered mechanical aids. The artists still require pure skill and traditional techniques aging all the way back to the third millennium B.C., when silversmithing was fully developed. Modern technology has actually led to the devaluation of the art.
Cup in the Form of a Horse

A particular silver product I found intriguing was the coffee pot (I promise the fact that I’m addicted to coffee has nothing to do with this). Coffee and tea had become popular by the mid-17th century in Europe. Guided by Protestant ideas of sobriety, the newly prosperous middle class found coffee an “exotic” alternative to drinking. The silversmith’s work was revolutionized by the demand for new vessels suited to these drinks. Containers had to retain heart and yet stand on a tabletop without damaging its surface. 
Silver Coffee Pot

Me in Front of Fowler Museum

Sunday, May 29, 2016

Space + Art

This week’s topic showed me how incredibly massive our universe is. From the “Powers of Ten” video, a film dealing with the relative size of things in the universe and the effect of adding another power of zero, we started 1 meter away from a typical couple having picnic in Chicago and zoomed out ten times farther away every ten seconds. I’ve never really thought about anything further out into space than our solar system, but actually there are millions of galaxies that looks like dust scattered across the universe. The video was created in 1977, and the farthest vision at the time was ten to the twenty-fourth power, which was about 100 million light years away. I wonder if technology advancements have allowed us to look even further out into space today.

What surprised me most about this week’s material was how fast technology advanced in the space exploration field. The Space Race was sparked by Sputnik, a twenty-three inch aluminum sphere that was launched by the Soviet Union in 1957. Sputnik inspired the creation of NASA a year later, and governments started investing more in the education system, particularly math and science courses. In 1961, Yuri Gagarin became the first human being to travel into space. Shortly after in 1969, Neil Armstrong and his team were the first humans to land on the moon with Apollo 11.


I found a particular blog post, “Black Spidery Things on Mars,” quite interesting. It shows an overhead image of the Mars surface, mainly composed of sand dunes. However, there are little black flecks dotting the ridges, sort of like spiders sitting in rows. Scientists believe that this is the result from the underground layer of frozen CO2 turning into a roaring gas, expanding, and exploding rock and ice into the Martian air like geysers. There is so much of space that humans have not been able to explore physically yet. Many movies have been produced in recent years that help us depict how space exploration may be like: Gravity, Interstellar, The Martian. 

Image of "Spiders" on Mars

The Martian Trailer

Works Cited
EamesOffice. "Powers of Ten™ (1977)." YouTube. YouTube, 26 Aug. 2010. Web. 30 May 2016. <>.
FoxMovies. "The Martian | Official Trailer [HD] | 20th Century FOX." YouTube. YouTube, 19 Aug. 2015. Web. 30 May 2016. <>.
Marlow. "An Eames Office Website." Powers of Ten Blog. N.p., 2 Jan. 2013. Web. 30 May 2016. <>.
Uconlineprogram. "8 Space Pt3 1280x720." YouTube. YouTube, 29 July 2013. Web. 30 May 2016. <>.
Uconlineprogram. "Space Pt4." YouTube. YouTube, 30 May 2012. Web. 30 May 2016. <>.

Thursday, May 26, 2016

Replica Praesens: A Lecture on Synthetic Life by Sam Wolk Event Blog

Today, I attended Sam Wolk’s Replica Praesens: A Lecture on Synthetic Life. To be completely honest, I was pretty lost in the first half of the lecture. As a business economics major, I really had no clue as to what he was talking about when he showed us strips of DNA, different types of genes, nutrient fields, phenotype, etc. on the TV screen. Sam went into great detail about plants being able to sprout, grow, and mutate, but it was a bit too abstract for me because he visualized the plants as strips of DNA on the screen.

Strip of DNA of a Plant
Sam’s lecture became extremely interesting when he introduced the universe he created on the screen. With the red nutrient field, he was able to produce plants. Furthermore, he created creatures that could eat the plants, socialize with each other, and have sex with each other for reproduction. I found this to be intriguing because Sam and his team generated an artificial universe with creatures that acted on emotions and physical needs – albeit everything was computer programmed. In one of his slides, Sam intentionally inserted a bug that crashed the universe. And he said that once he started the program up again, the creatures in this computer universe would never know it crashed because they are just moving from one frame to the next. Sam then related this concept to our daily lives, as a comment or question to whether there may be a higher order of power in our universe.

I saw the pinnacle of the intersection between science and art in Sam Wolk. Sam is a sound and visual artist, yet he has so much knowledge of math and science. He had to learn everything about DNA and genes and life sciences to understand the growth and needs of plants and creatures. In addition, he had a deep understanding of statistics, when he explained how he used the Gaussian distribution with 9 degrees of freedom to be able to introduce different types of species through standard deviation. Also, Sam had to learn how to code to generate fluid visualizations onto the computer screen. 

A Creature's Neuro Network 
A Community of Creatures Socializing

Sam Wolk in the Back With The Black Laptop

Sunday, May 22, 2016

Nanotechnology + Art

Dr. Gimzewski’s lecture on nanotechnology this week was very insightful. What surprised me most was the fact that nanotech is completely commercialized and can be found in every day appliances. For example, silver nanoparticles that have anti-microbial effects can be placed in socks and underwear to destroy bacteria. Samsung has been able to utilize silver nanotechnology to generate Ag+ ions that act as a shield against growth of bacterial and other microbial organisms. The ions have the ability to kill bacteria and prevent further reproduction, leading to effective protection of food inside their refrigerators.

Samsung's Silver Nanotechnology
Another interesting topic Dr. Gimzewski covered was the adhesive properties of gecko feet. The feet of geckos are specifically nano-structured to be able to stick on to vertical surfaces and carry the entire weight of the gecko. Although scientists aren’t able to replicate the nano-structures in the lab for human trials, the potential could mean being able to climb the sides of buildings with gloves.

Self-organization at the nano level can create a variety of beautifully unique forms called diatoms. The microscopic images of diatoms seem more like art paintings than nano-structures. Artists can look towards the nano level to garner inspiration in new art works. Even architects can learn from how these diatoms can self-organize and create something much larger and more stable than by itself.

Examples of Diatoms
In Paul Rothemund’s Ted Talk: “DNA Folding, In Detail,” he was able to use fold DNA in such a way that it resembled a smiley face. He created 50 billion smiley faces in one drop of water, and took a picture of them with an atomic force microscope. This is really interesting because nano-artwork and “DNA origami” can be used for nano-circuits, which are the most basic building blocks in computers. 
Picture From Atomic Force Microscope
Works Cited
Rothemund, Paul. "DNA Folding, in Detail." Paul Rothemund:. Ted Talk, Feb. 2008. Web. 23 May 2016. <>.
Uconlineprogram. "Nanotech Jim Pt3." YouTube. YouTube, 21 May 2012. Web. 23 May 2016. <>.
Uconlineprogram. "Nanotech Jim Pt5." YouTube. YouTube, 21 May 2012. Web. 23 May 2016. <>.
"What Are Diatoms?" :: Diatoms of the United States. N.p., n.d. Web. 23 May 2016. <>.
"What Is Silver Nano Health System in Samsung Refrigerators?" What Is Silver Nano Health System in Samsung Refrigerators? N.p., n.d. Web. 23 May 2016. <>.

Sunday, May 15, 2016

Neuroscience + Art

The subject I found most interesting from this week’s lecture was about the history and use of cocaine and LSD. In the 1880s, pharmaceutical houses marketed cocaine as a wonder drug – a drug that could cure nearly everything from morphine addiction and depression to tuberculosis and fatigue. It was easily accessible in tonics, powders, wines and soft drinks, which not surprisingly resulted in many cocaine addicts throughout the years. I was shocked to learn that Sigmund Freud was a cocaine addict. Even more shocking was learning how the famed neurologist and father of psychoanalysis almost killed one of his patients with an overdose of cocaine. Freud had a dream several nights later about how his patient had blamed him for negligence; however, he dismissed the malpractice and believed the dream meant that he was just a doctor overly concerned about his patient.

Also nearly as shocking was learning about Albert Hofmann’s experiments with LSD. He was the first person to synthesize, ingest, and learn of the effects of LSD. According to Professor Vesna, a typical person only needs about 25 micrograms of LSD for a full effect, and Albert Hofmann took 250 micrograms for his first test – now known as Bicycle Day. During his trip, he was convinced that his body was possessed by a demon, that his furniture was threatening him, that his neighbor was a witch, and that he had become completely insane. However, he also saw many kaleidoscopic images exploding in intense color when his eyes were closed, especially when there were certain sounds (door closing) in his environment. The vibrant kaleidoscopic images could be a catalyst and incentive for artists to experiment with acid for inspiration with new artworks.

How I would Imagine Hofmann Was Seeing When He Took LSD

1943 Bicycle Day
Visualization of Psychedelic Drugs

One more topic this week that stood out to me was Mark Cohen’s lecture. I could not believe that he had participants that would actually agree to wear the inverted helmet for a month at a time, even while sleeping! It was really interesting how he related it to wearing glasses. Although it seems quite impossible to get used living in an inverted visual world, I remember everything changed when I put on my first glasses. 

Mark Cohen's Inverted Helmet

Works Cited
"The Bicycle Day." NewsAndViews24. N.p., 19 Mar. 2014. Web. 15 May 2016. <>.
ExaltedNecrosis. "1200 Micrograms - LSD [Visualization]." YouTube. YouTube, 24 Aug. 2013. Web. 16 May 2016. <>.
Markel, Howard. "Sigmund Freud's Cocaine Problem." The Chart RSS. N.p., 22 July 2011. Web. 16 May 2016. <>.
Ucdesma. "Neuroscience-Mark" YouTube. YouTube, 12 May 2012. Web. 16 May 2016. <>.
Uconlineprogram. "Neuroscience Pt3." YouTube. YouTube, 16 May 2012. Web. 16 May 2016. <>.

Friday, May 13, 2016

Maša Jazbec Lecture Event Blog

This week I attended Maša Jazbec’s lecture at the Fowler Museum. She is a PhD student researching robots and androids in Japan, and talked about her field of study. Simply put, her lecture was fascinating. Masa went over a brief history of the invention and development of robots in the first half of the lecture. Just like what I learned in class, she mentioned how robots were popularized first on the artistic side – The Gotem (1915) and Metropolis (1927) were two movies that featured robots.

During the second half of lecture, Maša showed us over twenty examples of real life applications of robots today. What I thought was quite interesting was how Maša said Japan’s technology with robots is about harmonization and entertainment, whereas American robots seem a bit scary. For example, Karakuri automata (created in Japan) was a mechanized puppet that could bring guests tea. However, Boston Dynamics design robots for the army and looks more like an attack dog than a friendly robot. This perspective of robot culture between the East and West was also taught in class by Professor Vesna.

Boston Dynamics Robots

Japanese Robot Can Serve You Tea

The most fascinating example Maša showed us was Professor Hiroshi Ishiguro’s Geminoid. The Geminoid looked exactly like himself and had visible behaviors such as facial movements. It didn’t look like a doll or robot at all, as the outside of the Geminoid resembled human skin. If one closely inspects the hands, one can see the wrinkles on the knuckles and creases of the fingernails. The details of this robot is no coincidence because Professor Ishiguro actually wanted to be an artist originally. The Geminoid was truly a masterpiece and I believe that it is truly the intersection between art and science. 
Can You Tell Which One Is The Robot?
Selfie with Masa

Sunday, May 8, 2016

BioTech + Art

This week we covered the intersection of biotechnology and art. Professor Vesna taught us that Tokyo scientists added a glowing jellyfish gene to mice in 1997, which allowed the scientists to tag certain genes of proteins and create a tracing ability of a fluorescent glow when the genes are active. This was one way scientists could find active diseases without the use of invasive surgery, and mice were specifically chosen because their structural DNA closely resembles that of humans. Artists found this biotechnology intriguing and created a new art form: transgenic art. Artists wanted to utilize genetic engineering to create unique living beings. For example, Eduardo Kac’s “GFP Bunny” was a transgenic artwork that created a green, living fluorescent rabbit named Alba. However, animal rights activists claim that transgenic art is needless and abusive manipulation of an animal.
Eduard Kac and Alba
More on GFP Animals

After learning more about this week’s material, I definitely side more with the animal rights activists. There should be more stringent restrictions for artists using biotechnology on animals than for scientists in scientific research. There were a few bio-art projects Professor Vesna provided as examples in the lecture that completely shocked me. A few of them include Kathy High’s Blood Wars, Orlan’s Harlequin Coat, and especially Stelarc’s Third Ear. Stelarc had an ear engineered with human cartilage put underneath his forearm skin through a process called a subdermal implant. This was supposed to be an example of transhumanism – a movement thinking that the human body is not good enough, and thus biotechnology should be used to overcome human limitations to improve conditions. Stelarc was also known for saying: “the body is going to be obsolete.” I completely disagree with Stelarc’s view on the human body. The human body is extraordinary and can be transformed naturally by specific diets and consistent training routines. Everyone is already unique in his or her very way, and artists need not create any “crossbreeding” of skins or have white blood cell vie for dominance in petri dishes to prove a point. 

Stelarc's Third Ear

Orlan's Harlequin Coat

Works Cited
DNewsChannel. "Science Creates Glowing Kittens, Monkeys and Sheep!" YouTube. YouTube, 02 May 2013. Web. 08 May 2016. <>.
"GFP BUNNY." GFP BUNNY. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 May 2016. <>.
"Kathy High: Visual/media Artist, Independent Curator, Educator." Kathy High: Projects: Blood Wars. N.p., 2010. Web. 08 May 2016. <>.
"ORLAN - Harlequin Coat." - FACT (Foundation for Art and Creative Technology). N.p., n.d. Web. 08 May 2016. <>.
Uconlineprogram. "5 Bioart Pt1 1280x720." YouTube. YouTube, 18 Sept. 2013. Web. 08 May 2016. <>.

Sunday, April 24, 2016

MedTech + Art

In this week’s topic, I learned that medicine, particularly anatomy and dissection, is truly the intersection of art and science. The work I found most interesting was Eduardo Kac’s “Time Capsule” project. On November 11, 1997, an artist by the name of Eduardo Kac implanted a microchip in his own ankle. With the microchip embedded into his body, he became the first human to be added into a remote database typically used for lost animals. The artist set up the “art gallery” to look like a medical room, with equipment that could be found in typical hospital rooms. It’s interesting to see that many artists and doctors would actually operate on themselves, being both the innovator and patient at the same time.

Eduardo Kac's Time Capsule Gallery
Another similar work was Professor Kevin Warwick’s “Cyborg Project,” in which he implanted an RFID chip in his forearm. With this chip, he could do extraordinary things such as opening office doors or switching on the lights without having to move a finger. There could be a lot of practical applications for this project. For example, the disabled may benefit from being able to perform daily tasks of opening doors with the help of embedded microchips.

Warwick with RFID Chip

I also found Diane Gromala’s Ted Talk, “Curative Powers of Wet, Raw Beauty” intriguing. She noted that statistically one in every five people have chronic pain, and that virtual reality is an effective alternative to relieve short-term pain because the user is so intensely distracted by the immersive media. Although I have not experienced virtual reality before, I believe Diane’s research is true. In Duke Dumont’s “I Got U” music video, a man used a virtual reality headset to escape from his sad, rainy environment to a paradise island. However, his excitement and happiness was only short-lived as he had to go back to reality when the song ended.

Works Cited
DukeDumontVEVO. "Duke Dumont - I Got U (Official Video) Ft. Jax Jones." YouTube. YouTube, 19 Feb. 2014. Web. 24 Apr. 2016.
Kac, Eduardo. "Time Capsule." Time Capsule. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2016.
TEDxTalks. "TEDxAmericanRiviera - Diane Gromala - Curative Powers of Wet, Raw Beauty." YouTube. YouTube, 07 Dec. 2011. Web. 24 Apr. 2016.
Uconlineprogram. "Medicine Pt3." YouTube. YouTube, 22 Apr. 2012. Web. 24 Apr. 2016.
Warwick, Kevin. Kevin Warwick, n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2016.

Saturday, April 23, 2016

LASER Event Blog

On Thursday, April 21, I attended the monthly Leonardo Art Science Evening Rendezvous (LASER) at the CNSI building. LASER featured talks from artists, scientists, and scholars who shared their research to spark interesting conversations. I found Taylor Aubry’s “The Future of Our Energy Landscape: Could Plastic Solar Cells Meet Our Energy Needs?” presentation particularly fascinating. The overall focus of her thesis and research was about how plastic solar cells have the potential to be a low-cost source of clean energy in the near future. She mentioned that the fabrication of silicon solar cells is extremely expensive, and that using flexible plastic is a much cheaper alternative. One fantastic example Taylor showed the us regarding real world application was that of a bus stop in San Francisco. The bus stop had flexible plastic solar panels installed on its roof, which powered both the lights on the side and the WiFi router to provide free internet to pedestrians. Solar engineers and scientists had to work together with designers to transform the mold-able plastic solar cells into functional applications.

Solar Powered Bus Stop in San Francisco
Taylor also mentioned that plastic solar cells could power wearable electronics such as smartwatches in the near future. Her presentation related to an article I’ve read recently on Wall Street Journal: “As Oil Jobs Dry Up, Workers Turn to Solar Sector.” In the WSJ article, the author states that there have been an estimated 150,000 American jobs lost because of the sharp decrease in oil prices in the past year. However, the solar sector is still strong as it is expected to add 30,000 jobs this year. This is exciting because these jobs may include solar panel installers to solar panel designers to engineers. 

Link to potential applications of flexible solar cells video.

Workers Installing Solar Panels
Me at LASER Event

Sunday, April 17, 2016

Robots + Art

In this week’s topic, I found the intersection of robotics, computers, and art fascinating. Robotics traces its roots back to the printing press, and was further revolutionized by Henry Ford’s assembly lines. However, the notion of Taylorism (a theory that aimed to improve economic efficiency) created problems as low to middle wage workers were “dehumanized” when they did the same job over and over again in an assembly line factory. 
Assembly Line in one of Ford's Factories

These problems inspired Karel Capek’s 1920 science fiction “R.U.R.”, which was a screenplay that first introduced both the word and image of a robot. It's incredible to believe that the notion of a robot was actually first conceived on the artistic side, not the technology side. I now realize that even though we may have the technology, we also need the artistic/creative side to make the technology fully functional. 

The industrial revolution, assembly line, and subsequent mechanization of workers created a negative image of robots in western culture. I’ve seen a number of Hollywood movies about robots, with the help of artificial intelligence, becoming so smart that they turn on their own creators: humans. However, there has also been instances where movies align with Machiko Kusahara’s point of view on Japanese robotics culture. For example, in the film “Edge of Tomorrow,” Earth is invaded by an alien race and nearly every soldier on the battlefield looks like a robot. The soldiers in the film utilized robotics to aide them in fighting the war.

My perspective of robotics and technology more closely align with that of the Japanese culture’s. From Kusahara’s lecture, the Japanese have an optimistic view of machines helping modernize society. These machines could range from sophisticated robots that provide search and rescue operations during natural disasters to simple mechanical tools for daily use. Upon viewing Rodney Brooks’ Ted Talk, “Robots Will Invade Our Lives,” I remember my family used to use the iRobot vacuum machine when I was still in middle school. Overall, I believe that art, technology, and robotics highly complement each other and even depend on each other to move forward with innovation.

iRobot Floor Vacuum Cleaner
Japanese Search and Rescue Robot

Works Cited
Brooks, Rodney. "Robots Will Invade Our Lives." Rodney Brooks:. Ted Talk, Feb. 2003. Web. 18 Apr. 2016.
Nasowitz, Dan. "Meet Japan's Earthquake Search-and-Rescue Robots." Popular Science. N.p., 11 Mar. 2011. Web. 18 Apr. 2016.
Uconline. "Robotics Pt3." Youtube. N.p., 16 Apr. 2012. Web. 17 Apr. 2016.
Uconlineprogram. "Robotics MachikoKusahara 1." YouTube. YouTube, 14 Apr. 2012. Web. 18 Apr. 2016.
WarnerBrosPictures. "Edge of Tomorrow - Official Main Trailer [HD]." YouTube. YouTube, 25 Mar. 2014. Web. 18 Apr. 2016.

Sunday, April 10, 2016

Math + Art - Week 2

I found Dr. Vesna’s lecture video most insightful in this week’s topic. From the lecture, I learned that artists need to truly understand underlying mathematical principles to create a solid foundation in order to draw, paint, or sculpt basic regular forms such as cubes, circles, spheres, etc. Coming from a background with no art influence, I was surprised to find out that nearly all artists had to use mathematical principles to create their masterpieces. For example, Brunelleschi was the first to create linear perspective in 1413. He developed the vanishing point, understood scale and length of objects to the spectator, and controlled perspective.

Short Intro Video of Brunelleschi's Linear Perspective

Leonardo Da Vinci also used a scientific approach to creating art. He studied the eye meticulously and created mathematical formulations to compute the relationship between distance of an object to the eye and intersecting planes. Leonardo, like many other famous artists including Michelangelo, Raphael, and Rembrandt, used the Golden ratio to define proportions in many of his artwork such as the Vitruvian Man and the Mona Lisa. It’s incredibly compelling to learn that a number (Golden ratio) has influenced so many great artists and sculptors.  The ratio was also known was “The Divine Proportion” during the Renaissance period. In Da Vinci’s “The Last Supper,” the key dimensions of the room, the table and ornamental shields were all based on the Golden ratio. 

The Last Supper with Golden Ratios Outlined
The Golden ratio and the Vitruvian Man had also influenced Le Corbusier, an architect who used the ratio and his modular system to create his architecture. He believed that using the proportions of the ideal human body would improve both the appearance and function of architecture.

Le Corbusier's UN Secretariat Building
However, not all artists believed that creating master art-pieces required specific mathematical formulas and rules. According to Henderson’s “The Fourth Dimension and Non-Euclidean Geometry in Modern Art: Conclusion,” some artists followed the belief in a fourth dimension as a symbol of freedom. This created new forms and types of art such as abstract art. 
Example of Abstract Art

Works Cited

"Abstract Art - Lessons - TES." Blendspace. Web. 10 Apr. 2016.

Henderson, Linda. "The Fourth Dimension and Non-Euclidean Geometry in Modern Art: 
Conclusion." Leonardo. 3rd ed. Vol. 17. MIT, 1984. 205-10. Print.

J, Elaine. "What Is the Golden Ratio?" LiveScience. TechMedia Network, 2013. Web. 10 Apr. 2016.

"Golden Ratio in Art Composition and Design." The Golden Ratio Phi 1618. 04 May 2014. Web. 10 Apr. 2016.

Smarthistoryvideos. "Linear Perspective: Brunelleschi's Experiement." YouTube. YouTube, 20 Nov. 2011. Web. 10 Apr. 2016.
Uconlineprogram. "" YouTube. YouTube, 09 Apr. 2012. Web. 10 Apr. 2016. 

Sunday, April 3, 2016

Week 1 Blog Entry

As I continued to read “The Two Cultures and The Scientific Revolution,” I had more and more trouble classifying myself in one of C.P. Snow’s two polar groups – literary intellectuals and scientists. C.P. Snow's argument of just two cultures is overly simplified. I am a fourth-year UCLA business economics major, and although my degree is classified as a Bachelor of Arts, I have been required to take several math-based classes such as calculus, statistics, and econometrics. UCLA also does a great job with the General Education requirements, which has allowed me to explore different fields of academia including the life and physical sciences. I would best classify myself as in between the artists and scientists. For example, in the field of finance, executives must understand how to not only value businesses (science and math), but also manage and work with people (art).

Discounted Cash Flow Model Used By Investment Bankers (valuation can sometimes be more art than science)

There is a constant mixture of both science and art in our everyday lives. At the forefront of technological innovation is what is known as virtual reality – a computer technology that simulates an environment for the user to interact with. A recent article from TechCrunch notes that the lack of content is holding virtual reality back from going mainstream. Scientists must collaborate intensively with digital media artists to create a seamless, fully immersive experience with a virtual reality product.

Example of Virtual Reality Experience

The idea of divergent thinking brought up by The RSA Animate: Changing Education Paradigms video was particularly compelling. The paper clip example that tested creativity of children at different ages showed how many of us are limited in thinking by our social and physical boundaries. I was actually asked a question similar to this in one of my job interviews in finance: “What are 10 different uses for this [pencil]?” Although I thought I was creative with answers such as “chopsticks” and “firewood,” I could have provided much more interesting ideas if I utilized divergent thinking. 

Divergent Thinking
Works Cited

Bird, Jane. "Selling a Business: Valuation Can Be More of an Art than a Science -" Financial Times. N.p., 07 Sept. 2012. Web. 03 Apr. 2016.

Jacksepticeye. "THE FUTURE IS NOW! | HTC Vive Virtual Reality." YouTube. YouTube, 01 Mar. 2016. Web. 03 Apr. 2016.

Scherba, Tony. "Virtual Reality Is about to Go Mainstream, but a Lack of Content Threatens to Hold It back." TechCrunch. N.p., 03 Apr. 2016. Web. 03 Apr. 2016.

Snow, C. P. “Two Cultures and the Scientific Revolution.” Reading. 1959. New York: Cambridge UP, 1961. Print.

"STREETOFWALLS." Street Of Walls. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Apr. 2016.

TheRSAorg. "RSA ANIMATE: Changing Education Paradigms." YouTube. YouTube, 14 Oct. 2010. Web. 03 Apr. 2016.